About the study

The purpose of submarines is to patrol the world’s oceans to act as a formidable deterrent, gather intelligence, undertake surveillance and carry out reconnaissance missions. The submarine command team are responsible for the safe and effective operation of the submarine. The team must process large amounts of tactical information from the submarines sensors, assesses the information, and makes decisions on how to proceed. To do so each person of the team must carry out their own tasks whilst working with each other to meet shared, common goals. This research is fundamentally about team work and the factors that influence team performance.

The aim of the research is to examine how the integration of incoming information can be optimised to ensure the best decisions are made. The simulation takes place within a laboratory at the University of Western Australia. The simulation comprises of a number of submarine consoles, each with a specific function (e.g. sonar and periscope). Participants are placed in teams and are trained in their particular role and the communications required with each other. The team is asked to track simulated contacts through sonar and optical means to form an accurate representation of ‘what is out there’ in order to report to command.

The experiment has a duration of about nine hours over one day. The day training followed by two one-hour experimental scenarios. Each scenario will be video and audio taped in order to capture team member interactions. All subsequent data is de-identified.

The simulation has been developed by the Defence Science and Technology Group with guidance from Royal Australian Navy submariners. Participants who complete the experiment will have unique insight into how a submarine command team actually operates to track and monitor other vessels.

 Participants will receive small remuneration ($15 per hour) to compensate them for their time, effort and travel expenses. The experiment lasts approximately nine hours. Participants must be between 18 and 50 years old and cannot be colour blind. Participants must be fluent in English so as to be clearly understood and be able to rapidly respond to others, as you will be part of a team undertaking common tasks.