A team comprises of individuals working towards a common goal, and who have tasks which are dependent on the efforts of other team members.

Team effectiveness can be a result of (1) the team inputs such as individual knowledge, team composition and organisational characteristics, and (2) the cognitive states which emerge as a result of the interplay between individuals.

Teamwork is important in control rooms where there is a reliance on accurate knowledge and effective communication. Control rooms such as those found in aviation, oil and gas, public transport, shipping, and manufacturing, are examples where individuals have specific goals, but also rely on others to achieve a common goal. Increasingly these environments require both human and technical agents (machines) to detect, compile and communicate large amounts of information in order to achieve the overall goal. This describes a sociotechnical system.

The current research explores team cognition and team performance within complex sociotechnical systems using a submarine control room paradigm. The 2020 series of experiment will be specifically exploring the use of visual information.